11 Causes of Toe Pain

Tight shoes and osteoarticular deformities are the most common causes of foot pain. Fortunately, most disorders are treatable.

Last update: August 13, 2022

Pain in the toes causes discomfort and interferes with the rhythm of our life. This discomfort can be caused by a variety of conditions that depend on age and habits.

The human foot is divided into forefoot, midfoot and hindfoot. When we talk about the toes, we are talking about the region of the forefoot formed by the 5 metatarsals and the 14 phalanges, whose function is to give movement and mobility during walking.

The toes include the thumb, index, middle, ring and little fingers. thumb, also called inch Hey halluxOne of the most affected.

The pain at this stage can be of 3 origins:

  • muscle.
  • Vascular.
  • Well knit.

Improper use of shoes and bone deformities are the main causes of toe pain. However, there are situations in which the discomfort persists and worsens over time. Evaluation by an orthopedic doctor is essential for better treatment and prognosis.

1. Tight shoes and heels

The most common causes of toe pain are insufficient and tight footwear. They promote bone deformities and swelling of the foot joints.

The intensity of the pain generally increases with prolonged use of this type of shoe. In addition, it is accompanied by discomfort in the heels.

something else, Long heels shorten the tendon and compress the foot bones, According to studies. In this sense, the person will feel discomfort in the heels, soles and fingers.

In most cases, this condition goes away with rest and a change of proper footwear. Special attention should be paid to children, since pain is a sign that warns of the need to change shoes.

Heels change anatomy as you walk, which is why they’re a constant pain when they’re the shoe of choice.

2. Warts and fractures

High-intensity trauma and heavy objects falling on the foot are often the cause of fractures at this stage. In most of the cases, Finger pain, swelling and tendernessAlso, the fingernails may turn purple due to stagnation of blood in the area.

Big toe fractures are usually more serious and more acute, preventing the person from walking. Likewise, according to research, the toes can also sustain stress fractures as a result of intense, unusual, and repeated physical activity.

In general, a rest of several weeks combined with painkillers and anti-inflammatories can relieve the discomfort. If you suspect a broken foot, do not hesitate to consult a professional as soon as possible.

3. bun

a bun is a bony bump that forms at the base of the big toe, Studies estimate that 90% of cases occur in women, with pain most often in the plantar region of the first toe. Also, there is usually redness and swelling of the skin above the bunion.

Traditional treatments include changing shoes, cushioning pads, using cold fluids, and using anti-inflammatory medications. If the pain persists and interferes with daily activities, surgical resolution may be needed.

4. Calluses

A callus or callus is linked to a condition called hyperkeratosisJust like that Thickening of the skin due to the accumulation of keratin-rich dead cellsThese injuries are caused by damage to the foot or the use of improper footwear.

Corns are small, very painful sores that are usually located on the joints of the toes. On the other hand, calluses are larger, yellowish in color and are more often located on the sole.

This condition increases the risk of serious infection.

The treatment of choice are keratolytic drugs that have a calcicidal action, such as salicylic acid and benzoic acid. In the same way, It is recommended to immerse the feet in warm water to facilitate the action of the drugCalluses usually disappear after 1 to 2 weeks of treatment.

5. Arthritis and osteoarthritis

Arthritis is an inflammation of one or more joints, the most common form of which is rheumatoid. For its part, osteoarthritis is a degeneration of articular cartilage that generally occurs gradually in the elderly. Both of these conditions can be responsible for joint pain in the toes.

The pain in arthritis is aggravated by physical activity and subsides with rest, while in osteoarthritis the discomfort occurs even at rest. In case of arthritis in the feet, special orthopedic shoes should be used as suggested by experts in the field.

6. Ingrown toenail

Ingrown toenail or onychocryptosis is a condition characterized by penetration of the edges of the nail plate into the adjacent skinHe presents with pain, redness, and swelling in the affected toe, which is common in the big toe.

Research estimates that there are 10,000 new cases that require treatment each year in the UK and around 20 cases per 100,000 people who attend primary care for the disease. Onychocryptosis is more common in men during the second and third decades of life.,

Treatment in mild forms is conservative and includes washing with warm water, topical and oral antiseptics. In severe forms, a surgical solution may be necessary. The most common complication is skin infection.

7. Claw toe

This is a deformity that occurs in the toes except the thumb. There is hyperextension of the metatarsophalangeal joint with flexion of the proximal and distal interphalangeal joint, as defined by the studies. The fingers look like claws or parrots.

In general, this condition is a common cause of pain and redness in the toes. The discomfort usually increases when performing daily activities such as walking, climbing stairs, or playing sports. Treatment includes orthopedic reduction, foot orthosis and surgical correction.

8. Arthritis

It is a type of inflammatory arthritis characterized by the precipitation and accumulation of uric acid crystals in the joints. The gout has an inclination towards the lower limbs, especially for the first toecausing an acute episode called drop,

Research confirms that people with gout often experience sudden pain, swelling, and redness at night. The discomfort is usually so severe that it becomes impossible to walk and limits daily activities.

Anti-inflammatories are used to relieve pain, while other drugs, such as allopurinol and colchicine, prevent recurrent episodes by lowering uric acid levels. Also, It is important to maintain a healthy diet and keep alcohol consumption to a minimum.

Gout or podagra pain is localized hallux And it has great intensity.

9. Morton’s Neuroma

It is a painful neuropathy of the foot due to compression of the plantar nerve., according to the study, is between the third and fourth fingers. Typically, this causes pain, tingling, and numbness in the toes.

People complain about having stones in their shoes or feeling uncomfortable and persistent.

Tight shoes and high heels, sport climbing and skiing, as well as foot deformities are risk factors for this disease. Medical care is based on the use of orthopedic insoles and padsIn addition to surgical interventions in advanced cases.

10. Paronychia

It is an inflammatory condition of the tissues surrounding the nails resulting from an infectious process. Also, this situation Characterized by redness, warmth and pain in the toesthe most common germs are Staphylococcus aureus You pyogenic streptococcus,

The infection can spread to the rest of the pulp and cause blanching, as well as deep tenosynovitis. Treatment aims to eliminate harmful microorganisms through the use of antibiotics as well as drainage of pus, if present.

11. Raynaud’s disease

It is a peripheral vascular malformation in which There is an exaggerated convective response to low temperature or stress, It is manifested by a sudden and gradual change in skin color (yellowing, cyanosis and redness) of the hands, feet, nose and ears. Studies estimate an incidence of 20 to 30% in young women.

Likewise, people often complain of tingling, swelling, and pain in their fingers and toes. Treatment aims to reduce the number of episodes and tissue damage.

Early medical approach improves prognosis

There are a wide variety of causes of toe pain. In most cases, this is the result of simple issues, such as tight shoes or a direct hit.

Even then, This symptom can warn of serious joint, neurological and vascular disorders. which needs to be addressed as soon as possible. If you have any concerns, do not hesitate to consult a professional.

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