A Glossary of Hiking Boot Terms | Sports
• Collar: upper edge of the boot (above, on or below the ankle).
• Cleats: Removable metal cleats for the bottom of hiking boots. Used for mountaineering on snow or ice for better traction.
• D-Rings: A form of hook used on boots for lacing, D-shaped. Easy to adjust the tightness of a boot, but susceptible to tearing from the boot shaft.
• Heel Brake: Built into some outsoles around the heel section of the boot. Gives improved traction which prevents slipping.
• Hooks: Lined with the top of hiking boots, hooks are used when lacing the boot. Easiest to lace up, but tend to catch brushes, bend and break on impact.
• Insoles: Addition to boots that can contribute to the fit, comfort or support of a boot. Boots do not come with insoles and must be purchased from the secondary market.
• Stud Pattern: Found on the bottom of a boot, stud patterns vary depending on the boot and provide varying degrees of traction.
• Membrane: Layer of fabric between the midsole and the outer sole of waterproof boots. Gives a boot waterproofness and breathability.
• Outsoles: lower part of the boot designed to offer optimal grip when the wearer is on the track.
• Plates: Thin inserts between the midsole and outsole, sometimes under the upper if present, and designed to provide additional support/protection against rocks and roots.
• Reinforcements: Most often placed on waterproof and breathable boots, reinforcements are a rubber that surrounds the entire foot or just the toe area. Designed as an extra line of defense against water and rocks/abrasion.
• Shanks: A piece of material inserted between the midsole and outsole for added stiffness. Helps distribute weight for charging port.
• Spacer: Layer between the inner lining and the outer sole. Opens the airways to improve the breathability of the boots.
• Vegan: Boots that refrain from using animal products or by-products.
THE SOURCE: gore-tex.com